September 28th 551 BC: Confucius born
On this day in 551 BC, the Chinese philosopher Confucius (or, K’ung Fu-tzu in Chinese) was supposedly born. His philosophy, based on social correctness, respect and sincerity, was very influential in China and aimed to promote a way of living where everyone could live in peace. He is attributed to many classic Chinese texts and is considered one of the greatest thinkers in Chinese history. Confucianism shaped China and the surrounding area for thousands of years, and continues to do so today. One of the main principles of Confucianism is “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”, which is similar to Jesus’s Golden Rule. Confucius died in 479 BC aged 71 or 72.
A Day In The Life - 26th September 1969: UK release of Abbey Road.
The Beatles’ 12th official album, Abbey Road, is released in the UK on this day. Their last-recorded album, it is issued only in stereo, as Apple PCS 7088.
Abbey Road makes its UK chart debut on 4 October 1969 at number one, following advance sales of 190,000. It tops the chart for 11 weeks, before dropping to number two when The Rolling Stones’ Let It Bleed is released, but returns to the top spot a week later, on 27 December, and stays there for a further six weeks. In total the album spends 92 weeks in the UK top 75.
Worldwide, it sells four million copies in its first six weeks on sale, and a further million by the end of 1969 - making it the best-selling long-player of the year. Abbey Road is the fourth best-selling album of the entire 1960s, and the eighth best-selling of 1970. In 1980 it becomes The Beatles’ first album to sell more than 10 million copies worldwide.
September 26th 1960: First televised debate
On this day in 1960 the first televised debate took place in Chicago between US presidential candidates Richard Nixon and John F Kennedy. The debate drew an audience of 66 million viewers and is one of the most widely watched broadcasts in US history. The debate arguably determined the outcome of the election, and signified a shift to more image-centred politics. Radio listeners thought the Republican Nixon had won the debate on the substance of his arguments, but television viewers believed it to be the young, attractive Democrat Kennedy, rather than the sweaty and uncomfortable Nixon. Kennedy went on to win the 1960 election and televised debates are now a central part of presidential campaigns.
September 25th 1066: Battle of Stamford Bridge
On this day in 1066 the Battle of Stamford Bridge occurred between the English, led by King Harold Godwinson, and the invading Norwegian forces led by King Harald Hardrada and Godwinson’s brother Tostig. The battle was a decisive English victory, seeing the deaths of thousands of Norwegians including Hardrada himself. However in mid-October that same year Godwinson was defeated by the Normans, led by William the Conqueror, at the Battle of Hastings. Stamford Bridge is often considered the last battle of the Viking age.
September 18th 1837: Tiffany and Co. founded
On this day in 1837, the jewelry retailer Tiffany and Co. was founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The first Tiffany store was marketed as a “stationery and fancy goods emporium”. In 1862 during the American Civil War, Tiffany supplied the Union army with swords, flags and surgical equipment. From then onwards Tiffany continued to make a name for itself as a high quality retailer, especially after winning accolades at the 1867 Paris World’s Fair. Due to its popularity the company received several notable commissions, including designing the New York Yankee’s ‘NY’ logo, revising the Seal of the United States in 1885 and the Navy’s Medal of Honor in 1919, and designing the White House china in 1968. Tiffany is today best known for its diamond jewelry and is based at 727 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
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